Borealtours :: Morocco

Morocco is a kingdom in the northwest of the African continent. In the North it borders on the Mediterranean Sea and in its West you can find the Atlantic Ocean. National borders are in the south to Mauritania, Algeria to the east and north to the Spanish enclaves of Ceuta and Melilla on the Mediterranean coast. Through the Strait of Gibraltar, Morocco is separated from Spain and the British colony of Gibraltar.
Morocco is one of the emerging travel destinations in North Africa. It offers the perfect blend of mystery, beauty, history, culture and luxury. With its 3,500 meters long coastline, the snowy mountains of the High Atlas, the vast expanses of the Sahara and the ancient royal cities, it is a country full of magic with an impressive history.


Nowadays Casablanca is a large and modern metropolis. In the old town of the former French colonial town you might still recognize many movie scenes as the city served as film set of many French movies. Casa (as it is called by the locals) has not many important sights to offer. Probably the most important tourist attraction is the Hassan II Mosque, the largest mosque in Morocco with the highest minaret in the world. Casablanca's medina (old town) is worth a visit; on the Mohammed V square you will find the most important Moorish buildings in the country.


Since 1912, the seaside city Rabat is the capital of Morocco. One the one hand Rabat can be seen as a very modern city, one the other hand it has many fascinating historical sights. This includes the picturesque Kasbah of Udayas that was built in the middle of the 12th Century. The unique Hassan tower, whose construction began in the late 12th century, was supposed to comprise the largest minaret in the world but it has never been completed. Directly on the opposite side of the Tower is the 20th-Century mausoleum of Mohammed V, a major attraction of the city. In 1961 King Hassan II assigned a Vietnamese architect to build the tomb in an Arab-Andalusian style to commemorate his father, Sultan Muhammad V.


The ancient capital of Morocco, Fes, is the oldest of the four royal cities in Morocco and an UNESCO World Heritage Site. Fes was founded in the 8th century and expanded to become the center of intellectual life in Morocco. Moreover, it became one of the holy cities of the Islamic World.
Fes is home to the oldest university in the world which is housed Karaouine mosque that has been built in 859. Not far away you'll find the Nejjarine fountain with its unique decor. The Karaouine complex is the most important building and the center of Fes. It is a combination of mosque and Islamic University. The World Bank has helped to restore many of these old and historic buildings in Fes.

The Moroccan desert

What except for mountains and coasts, a great culture and inspiring cities makes Morocco so memorable? The desert!
Zagora is the last big village before the beginning of the endless desert, located on the outskirts of the Draa Valley where you can find beautiful landscapes, rough canyons but also large oasis. Some small, picturesque sand dunes lure here as well, but who wants to experience the beauty of the "classic" desert has to go to Erg Chebbi in the west of the country, which is said to be home to the largest sand dunes in Morocco. The highlight is the early morning sunrise: Never are the gently flowing dune formations this photogenic and at no other time you will experience such an overwhelming silence of the endless desert.


Marrakech, the "Red City", is truly a magical place, with many markets, gardens, palaces and mosques. The nickname "Red City" refers to the panoramic ochre–red ramparts which were built in the 12th century to comprise the whole city. You can spend an entire day to explore the beautiful courtyards and winding alleys of the medina.
Due to the numerous architecturally significant buildings, including the Koutoubia mosque, built in the year 1162, Bahia Palace and the Islamic College Ben Yusuf Madrasa (built in the 14th Century), the old town was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The main attraction of the city is the Jamaa El Fna Square, the famous medieval market- and execution place, which nowadays turned into a vibrant city square with oriental storytellers, snake charmers and jugglers.