Greece, officially known as the Hellenic Republic, is one of the world's most ancient countries. The country where the sage of the antiquity: Aristotle, Plato, Socrates and the athlete Hercules lived. Located in southern Europe, Greece forms a peninsula in the Mediterranean with two additional large peninsulas projecting from it: the Chalcidice and the Peloponnese. The beauty of Greece’s numerous Islands, already mentioned by Homer, remains until today. Discover the particularities of each Island group with its own style, character, architecture, customs and traditions. Greece is also known as the place of birth of the Olympic Games.
The symbol of freedom, art, and democracy in the conscience of the civilized world. The capital of Greece took its name from the goddess Athena, the goddess of wisdom and knowledge. In Athens memory never fades. Wherever you stand, wherever you turn, the city's long and rich history will be alive in front of you. This is where that marvel of architecture, the Parthenon, was created. This is where art became inseparable from life, and this is where Pericles gave the funerary speech, that monument of the spoken word. In the centre of town are two hills, the Acropolis with the monuments from the Age of Pericles, and Lycabettus with the picturesque chapel of Ai Giorgis. Ancient ruins provide a vivid testimony to the glory of Athens, hailed by many people as the cradle of western civilization.
A beautiful town near the Eurotas River, located in the centre of the Peloponnese in southern Greece, is the capital of the prefecture of Laconia. SPARTA (known in Greek as Sparti) has a history which dates back to the Neolithic period, at least 3,000 years before Christ. Even in its most prosperous days, it was merely a group of five villages with simple houses and a few public buildings. The passes leading into the valley of the Eurotas were easily defended, and Sparta had no walls until the end of the 4th century BC. The city itself was destroyed by the Goths under their king, Alaric I, in 396 AD. Modern Sparta, founded by the government in 1834, occupies part of the site of ancient Sparta and is the capital of the department of Laconia. Excavations of the ancient city have uncovered ruins of temples and public buildings as well as a theatre dating from the Roman period, but the sparse remains are insignificant for a city of such renown in antiquity.
The ancient sanctuary and site of the ancient Olympic Games, located in the western Peloponnese, 10 miles (16 kilometers) inland from the Ionian Sea, near a point where the Alpheus (Alfios) and Cladeus (Kladios) rivers meet.